After the lapse of more than a century, the difficulty of compiling a Roster of Georgia troops in the Revolution can be readily imagined. Much of the information which an earlier period might have furnished is now unhappily beyond our reach. Many important records have been lost. To compile an exhaustive roster, therefore, is humanly impossible. The utmost at which we can aim is an approximate degree of accuracy, within the limits of meager details; and to place before the public all the data which, at this late hour, can be obtained from official sources.
Georgia did not furnish a large body of troops to the Revolutionary struggle. She was the youngest of the English colonies, and, with only a scant population, was situated on the remote southern frontier. Nevertheless, the Georgia contingent gave a good account of itself, whether in the Continental Army or in the Home Guard, whether in overthrowing Toryism or in expelling British Regulars.
At the close of hostilities with England, she rewarded her brave defenders with substantial grants of land. To encourage the rapid settlement of her territory, by the best class of immigrants, she offered handsome inducements to the veterans of independence; and thousands, availing themselves of this offer, took the mountain trails which led to Georgia. Two large counties, Franklin and Washington, carved out of lands recently acquired from the Indians, were subdivided among the new comers, a large percentage of whom were soldiers from other States compatriots and comrades-in-arms of the great Washington. The grants made to these soldiers were called bounties. Thus it came to pass that, while the contributions of Georgia to the army of independence were numerically small, she acquired a vast body of veterans who here found permanent homes; and today there is hardly a State in the Union whose soil is richer in Revolutionary dust.
The earlier land grants were in the nature of Head-Rights. These in time were superseded by grants made under the old Lottery System. Else where, in an article written by the late Secretary of State, Hon. Philip Cook, the differences between the two methods of distributing land, are fully explained. Records still exist in the Capitol showing, in many instances at least, to whom these lands were deeded. Certificates from superior officers attesting the fidelity of men under them are still preserved; and from sources of information like these the roster has been obtained. Other helpful sources have been the Pension Rolls of the United States Government, the records of the Federal War Department, and the reports of the Smithsonian Institution. It is the aim of this roster to include within its survey not only all Georgians who enlisted in the struggle for independence, during the seven years of its continuance, but also all soldiers from other States who settled in Georgia subsequent thereto.
Too much credit, in the preparation of this work, cannot be given to help received from others. The Compiler, in this public way and at the very fore-front of this volume, wishes to acknowledge his indebtedness to Miss Helen M. Prescott, of Atlanta, official genealogist for the Joseph Habersham chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. The researches made by Miss Prescott, in this particular field of investigation, have been of priceless value, especially since the materials gathered by her, at great personal labor and expense, have been placed freely at the disposal of the State; and she is entitled, therefore, to the gratitude of all Georgians. Scarcely less, either in value or amount, has been the service to history rendered by Mr. Wm. L. Le Conte, of Atlanta, in digesting for convenient reference the voluminous records of the State Department. With this preliminary statement, we present the Roster. Errors there must be; but many of these, if not all, will be corrected in subsequent editions.
NAMES OF OFFICERS IN THE CONTINENTAL LINE OF THE GEORGIA BRIGADE DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, INCLUDING INFANTRY, DRAGOONS, LEGIONARY CORPS, AND GENERAL STAFF
(White’s Historical Collections of Georgia, pp. 113-114.)
Brigade Generals Lachlan Mclntosh, Samuel Elbert.
Colonels James Screven, John White, Robert Rae.
Lieutenant Colonels Joseph Habersham, Joseph Lane, Thomas Chisholm,
Francis Moore, Philip Lowe, George Handley, Benjamin Porter; John S.
Eustace, Adjutant-General; Lachlan Mclntosh, Junior Brigade Inspector;
John Berrien, Brigade Major; John Milton, A. D. C.; George Melven, B. Q. M.
Captains John Bennis, Gideon Booker, Chestley Bostwick, Celerine Brosard,
John Bard, Charles Budd, Isham Cook, Arthur Carney, Ranes Cook, Jacob
Colson, John Cunningham, Alexander D. Cuthbert, Joseph Day, Daniel Duval,
Peter Debosh, John Dooly, Thomas Dooly, Ignatius Few, John Greene, John
Hancock, William Hornby, Jaret, Evans Lewis, John Lucas, William
Matthews, William Mclntosh, Thomas Morris, Elisha Millar, John Mosely,
Charles Middleton, Littleberry Mosely, Clement Nash, Patrick Fitzpatrick,
James Powell, Thomas Scott, Andrew Templeton, Thomas Threadgill, Jesse
Winfrey, Shadrach Wright.
Lieutenants Francis Arthur, Thomas Brown, James Bryan, John Caldwell,
Cornelius Collins, Edward Cowen, Walter Dixon, George Dooly, Thomas
Glascock, Caleb Howell, Arthur Hayes, Christopher Hillery, Robert Howe,
Nathaniel Hughes, William Johnson, William Jordan, William Lowne, Josiah
Maxwell, John Manley, John Mitchell, Thomas Mitchell, John Martin, William
McDonald, Thomas Netherland, John Newdigate, Benjamin Odingsell, Thomas
Payne, Nathaniel Pierre, Robert Porter, Thomas Porter, William Roach, John
Rae, Abraham Seixas, Robert Simpson, E. Shick, David Sarzedas, Randolph
Smith, Steadman, Francis Tennell, David Turner, J. P. Wagnon, George
Walton, Jesse Walton, Robert Ward.
General Staff Richard Wyley, Q. M. G.; Joseph Clay, P. M. G.; Mordecai
Sheftall, C. G.; Sheftall Sheftall, D. C. G.; David Rees, Judge Advocate;
Moses Allen, Chaplain.
Hospital Department Surgeons David Bradie, McKinne.
Surgeon s Mates Adam Alexander, Nathan Brownson, James Houstoun,
Thomas Davenport, Frederick Ridgley, Wood.
Legiondary Corps James Jackson, Colonel; Thomas Washington, Major.
Captains Henry Alison, Sherwood Bugg, John Morrison, James Stallings,
Lieutenants Thomas Hamilton, Ezekiel Stallings, Benjamin Hawkins,
Stephen Blount, Benjamin Harvey, Nicholas Millar.
Artillery Major, Roman de Lisle.
Captains Edward Young, John Fraser.
Colonels Samuel Jack, John Stewart
Lieut.-Colonels Elijah Clark.